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The National Center for Atmospheric Research, NCAR, was established in 1960 to serve as a focus for research on atmospheric and related science problems and is recognized for its scientific contributions to our understanding of the earth system, including climate change, changes in atmospheric composition, Earth-Sun interactions, weather formation and forecasting, and the impacts of all of these components on human societies.
With two major sites in Boulder, I.M. Pei's Mesa Laboratory and a newer Foothills Laboratory, NCAR's research is conducted in several principal disciplinary areas: atmospheric chemistry; mesoscale and microscale meteorology; solar and solar-terrestrial physics; and climate and the linking of climate with other environmental systems.
The Center is operated by UCAR under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The NSF has been NCAR's primary sponsor since its inception. In addition, the Center carries out research sponsored by other federal agencies, such as NASA, NOAA, DOE, EPA, and the FAA when such research enhances NCAR's NSF-supported research goals or facilities missions.
The Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center is a joint effort of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh together with the Westinghouse Electric Company. It was established in 1986 and is supported by several Federal agencies, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and private industry.
PSC's mission is to:
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), one of the five original centers in the National Science Foundation's Supercomputer Centers Program and a unit of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, officially opened its doors in January 1986. NCSA earned and maintains an international reputation for implementing experimental supercomputing and high-performance computing systems and networks and for developing innovative applications in high-performance computing, visualization, and desktop software.
After 10 years, the NSF Supercomputer Centers Program was replaced with the NSF Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI) program. On October 1, 1997, NCSA became the leading edge site for the National Computational Science Alliance (Alliance), one of two partnerships in the new PACI program.
The center works with government agencies, communities, and schools to discover how high-performance computing and communications can benefit them. In addition, through its Private Sector Program, top researchers from Fortune 500 corporations partner with NCSA to explore how cutting-edge hardware and software, virtual prototyping, visualization, networking, and data mining can help U.S. industries maintain a competitive edge in a global economy.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent agency of the U.S. Government, established by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended, and related legislation, 42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq., and was given additional authority by the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885), and Title I of the Education for Economic Security Act (20 U.S.C. 3911 to 3922).
The Foundation consists of the National Science Board of 24 part-time members and a Director (who also serves as ex officio National Science Board member), each appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. Other senior officials include a Deputy Director who is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate, and eight Assistant Directors.
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Last Modified: 12/31/69 07:00PM
This material is based in whole or in part on work supported by the
National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0083285. Any opinions,
findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this
material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect
the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).|